## JMI2011A-5 Bilinearization and special solutions to the discrete Schwarzian KdV equation (pp.53-62)

Author(s)： Mike Hay, Kenji Kajiwara and Tetsu Masuda

J. Math-for-Ind. **3A** (2011) 53-62.

- File： JMI2011A-5.pdf (240KB)

Abstract

Various solutions to the discrete Schwarzian KdV equation are discussed. We first derive the bilinear difference equations of Hirota type of the discrete Schwarzian KP equation, which is decomposed into three discrete two-dimensional Toda lattice equations. We then construct two kinds of solutions in terms of the Casorati determinant. We derive the discrete Schwarzian KdV equation on an inhomogeneous lattice and its solutions by a reduction process. We finally discuss the solutions in terms of the $\tau$ functions of some Painlevé systems.

Keyword(s). discrete integrable systems, discrete differential geometry, bilinear equation, $\tau$ function